Abiul

 

Situated on a rocky elevation on the solpe of a green valley with Sierra Sicó in the background, origin of name, Arabic for some, Visigothic for other, comes from Abizoude , through Abiud and later Abiul .

Had its first charter in the reign of the first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques in the year 1167, awarded by Didacus Peaiz and his wife D. Examena and the second in 1176 , granted by Abbot D. João de Lorvão (the original of which is filed in the Torre do Tombo - Box # 56) .

Later , on July 14, 1515 , King Manuel I granted a new charter to the Abiul village.

Attesting its age, the name of Abiul was already mentioned in scriptures dating from the ninth century , year 878 .

Was the residence of the Dukes of Aveiro, and we can still find remainings of its presence in an arch in Manueline style, the seventeenth-century niche and some remaining walls .

From the historic past of Abiul still remains a church, restored by D. Manuel I in the sixteenth century, and an ancient oven of Nossa Senhora das Neves, built around the time of the plague that ravaged the region; we can also find the gazebo where the nobility attended the bullfights which first took place in Portugal, in 1567 .

This ancient village reaches a certain reputation and a high importance between the late thirteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century. City hall had then, jail, notary, Judge and a chief captain with two ordinances. The Dukes of Aveiro did build a hospital, churches, chapels and established the Misericórdia .

The village was victim of the French invasions where its shadowy trail was only deleted in the first decade of the nineteenth century .

 Abiul was the district capital  until 1821 .

  

>